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NatureUganda - the East Africa Natural History Society (EANHS)

NatureUganda, the East Africa Natural History Society is the oldest conservation organization in East Africa started as a scientific organization documenting the diversity of wildlife in East Africa. Although the activities of the society were disrupted by political instability in Uganda in 1970s-1980s, the activities were rejuvenated in early 1990s with the identification of Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) such as the Important Bird Areas (IBAs) and Ramsar sites. Over the past 20 years, the activities of the organization have diversified to embrace biodiversity conservation and sustainable Natural Resource Management. The organization implements research, conservation and advocacy programmes with particular focus on priority species, sites and habitats across the country. This is achieved through conservation projects, environmental education together with government lead agencies, local government and local communities, and membership programmes activities such as public talks, excursions and nature-walks that are key advocacy and public awareness tools.

Date of Establishment:

26-Jul, 2005

Purpose of Organization:

Our mission is to promote the understanding, appreciation and conservation of nature. In pursuing this mission NatureUganda strives to: Create a nature-friendly public, Enhance knowledge of Uganda’s natural history, Advocate for policies favorable to the environment and Take action to conserve priority species, sites and habitats.

GEF/SGP involvement:

(1998 – 2003) = African NGO – Government Partnerships for Biodiversity Action Project (GEF Project)
(2000 – 2003) = Livelihoods improvement and biodiversity conservation (Musambwa Islands Rakai) – GEF/SGP


o        Promotion of conservation of endangered wildlife: NatureUganda has participated in the development and implementation of Species Action plans such as the Grauer’s Rush Warbler Action Plan; both national and regional, the national Grey Crowned Crane Action Plan and the Blue Swallow Action Plan. It has developed and implemented site management action plans such as Nyamuriro wetlands, Lutembe Bay, Mabamba Bay, Musambwa Island and Nabajjuzi Action plans. It promotes conservation of critical species, site and habitats conservation of many endangered wildlife in areas such as Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs), Important Bird Areas (IBAs), Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Areas and Ramsar Sites. NatureUganda led the process of identify critical sites for conservation especially IBAs and Ramsar sites
o        Promotion of sustainable use of natural resources: Especially through signing and implementation of 12 CFM agreements between NFA and CFM associations in Echuya and Kasyoha – Kitomi Forest Reserves. It has improved people’s livelihoods and reduced over dependence on forest resources for both commercial and domestic purposes through the promotion of economic alternatives.
o        Promotion of community conservation areas: As part of a consortium, NatureUganda in partnership with IUCN, WMD and UWS has established 7 Community Conservation Areas in three Ramsar Sites (Mburo – Nakivali, Opeta and Bisina). NatureUganda has facilitated joint or Co-Management of Forest Reserves between 12 Communities and NFA and it promoted conservation of sites through Community led Conservation programmes such as wetland restoration initiatives, Cranes and Wetland Conservation in Five Districts of South Western Uganda and biodiversity conservation through people oriented livelihood improvement programmes in critical conservation areas.
o        Promotion of agro-biodiversity: NatureUganda worked on a programme to promote conservation of Biodiversity in Agricultural Landscapes. This included researched based activities whose outcomes were used to inform related policies though development of policy briefs and guideline. This covered especially the central Uganda.
o        Protection of endangered wildlife trade: through provision of information on the trends of the species especially birds. This is also being done through community empowerment (local custodians at site level) and vigilance to effectively identify report and arrest the culprits.
o        Promotion of ecotourism: NatureUganda has promoted eco tourism in Munyanyange through Katwe Tourism Information Center, in Nabajjuzi wetland, the Sitatunga conner in Masaka, in Mabamba Bay in Wakiso through Mabamba Bird Guides Association, in Musambwa Island in Rakai through Musambwa Island Joint Conservation Organization and in Lakes Opeta and Bisina though established Community Conservation Area groups in Magoro and Kapir respectively.

Areas of climate change
o        Improved stoves: NatureUganda has promoted improved wood-burning stoves using locally available and free materials like soil, banana stems, sand, water and grass in response to increased demand of fuel wood. This technology is promoted to reduce the over dependence on wood fuel obtained from natural forests and eventually less use of fuel materials.
o        Efficient kilns: NatureUganda promoted the use of efficient fish drying kiln such as in Musambwa Island and nearby landing sites used by fishermen to preserve fish prior to selling. This is an alternative to the wasteful open air drying kilns that use a lot of wood.
o        Woodlots: NatureUganda has facilitated tree planting in several sites. The trees planted for example include agro forestry trees such as calliandra, grevillea; medicinal (Prunus Africana) and commercial species (Pinus patula) in Echuya. In Kasyoha Kitomi, the tree coverage on private land has been improved through planting over 900,000 trees and restoration of 12 ha of degraded area inside kasyoha – kitomi Forest. Others include domestication of bamboo on private land.
o        Fuel wood gardening through the establishment of 50 community tree nurseries to provide communities with an easy reach source of tree seedlings at subsidized prices and promote the greening initiative of environmental education programmes.
o        Research: NatureUganda, Makerere University Institute on Environment and Natural resources and Birdlife Africa Partnership Secretariat is conducting a study on the effect of climate change on wildlife especially endangered species in the Albertine Rift.

o        Soil and water conservation – NatureUganda promotes (fanya chini and fanya juu) trenches, building contour lines and stabilization of contours using agro forestry species in hilly landscapes such as in Kabale and Nakivili catchment systems
o        Organic farming: NatureUganda trained farmers in sustainable organic Agriculture techniques such as soil fertility improvement and management; Vegetable production; Agro forestry and wood lot establishment; Pre and post harvest handling; Farm integration; Farmer to farmers extension; Livestock management; Organic pest and disease management and Food processing.
o        Integrated watershed management: NatureUganda continues to implement watershed management through wetland conservation programmes and education programmes especially in Katonga wetland system, Rwiizi - Mburo – Naivalli wetland system and Lake Victoria water management zones.
o        System for rice intensification: NatureUganda is promoting Upland rice as an alternative to paddy rice in Eastern Uganda (Opeta – Bisina) system to reduce on the escalating wetland encroachment for paddy rice and uphold the integrity of wetland systems.
o        Agro forestry: NatureUganda has promoted agro forestry species especially for soil and water conservation, trees with multiple uses, bamboo domestication, greening initiatives, orchard establishment and management, boundary, shade, animal feeds all as alternatives or improved technology for household livelihood improvement and farm income enhancement.
o        Community afforestation: NatureUganda has supported the establishment of many woodlots and improve tree cover on private farms. For example, a total of 6,283 clumps of bamboo have been planted out side the forest and of these, 5,565 are already established and are already being harvested for multiple use purposes. This is in addition to already stated initiatives of restoration in degraded forests, degraded wetlands and tree cover on private lands.

International waters
o        NatureUganda continues to implement watershed management through wetland conservation programmes and education programmes especially in Katonga wetland system and Lake Victoria water catchment in contribution to regional initiative for managing shared resources.
NatureUganda has programmes on the conservation of Ramsar sites in the Nile waters and subsequently contributing to the regional programmes in the management of the Nile resources through the Nile Discourse Forum.
Countries in which organization is active:
  • Uganda

Contact Details
Street Address:
Plot 83 Tufnel Drive, Kamwokya
Telephone No.:
Fax Phone:
Organization founded:

NGO Information
Focal Area:
  • Biodiversity
  • Climate Change
  • International Waters
  • Land Degradation
  • Organization Type:
  • Non-Governmental Organization (NGO)
  • Geographic Scope:
  • National

  • Contact Person
    Mr. Achilles Byaruhanga Key Contact Person
    Executive Director

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